Cold War 1945-1991, Suez Crisis 1956, End of Empire and the Reshaping of the Middle East

The Cold War series has become very popular and is the form of military history series that the publisher excels at. The Suez Crisis was as significant a world changer as the defeat of the Nazis in 1945. This new addition to the series has the same high quality selection of images, including full colour images, supporting concise but highly informative text. – Very Highly Recommended.

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NAME: Cold War 1945-1991, Suez Crisis 1956, End of Empire and the Reshaping of 
the Middle East
FILE: R3149
AUTHOR: David Charlwood
PUBLISHER: Pen & Sword
BINDING: soft back
PRICE: £14.99                                                               
GENRE: Non Fiction
SUBJECT:  Cold War, end of Empire, United States, Soviet Union, Egyptian 
revolution, trade routes, Suez Canal , French forces, Israeli Defence Forces, British 
forces,  amphibious warfare. Middle East, international relations

ISBN: 1-52675-708-7
PAGES: 128
IMAGE: B3149.jpg
BUYNOW: tinyurl.com/vta4rqf
DESCRIPTION: The Cold War series has become very popular and is the form of 
military history series that the publisher excels at. The Suez Crisis was as significant 
a world changer as the defeat of the Nazis in 1945. This new addition to the series 
has the same high quality selection of images, including full colour images, 
supporting concise but highly informative text. – Very Highly Recommended.

In some respects, the Suez Crisis was not directly part of the Cold War, or an action 
by surrogates, as in Indo-China. The German Holocaust had accelerated the desire by 
many Jews across the world to return to their homeland. In practical terms, survivors 
of the Holocaust could not be easily returned to the homes they had occupied before 
the Nazi pogrom. The war may have been won but there was still anti-Jewish feeling 
in populations that had happily taken over homes released when their Jewish owners 
were taken to the death camps. Even 75 years on there is still dispute about assets 
stolen by the Nazis and sold on. American Liberals had proposed a new Jewish 
homeland in Africa which satisfied neither Jew nor indigenous African. The spiritual
and ancestral homeland was Palestine where there was already an indigenous Jewish 
and Arab population that had been living together happily since the Romans left.

In Egypt a coup had been staged by a group of junior Egyptian army officers who had 
been plotting for a decade or more and now risen to the rank of Colonel in most cases. 
That revolution threatened the Anglo-French Suez Canal interests with the new 
Egyptian leaders intending to nationalize the Canal as one of the major assets needed 
to fund their new government. The Egyptians were as keen on support from former 
Nazis as from the Soviet Union and their political driver was nationalism rather than
 communism.

The Suez Crisis saw a coalition of Israel, France and Britain. The Soviet Union was 
not a major player in what happened. France and Britain wanted to retain control of 
the vital trade route through the Suez Canal that had been built by their nationals and 
was both a valuable asset and a critical link with the Far East and surviving remnants 
of colonial rule. The US saw Suez as a threat to the new World Order where the US, 
supported by its allies, stood toe to toe with the Soviet Union and its satellites. In this 
vision the US saw itself as the director of world affairs. It can therefore be argued that
 the Suez Crisis was between Europe and the United States and is certainly the view 
of those working towards building a United States of Europe with an agenda that 
included humbling the United States and driving it from its international position. The 
Israelis simply wanted to use the opportunity to hamstring the Egyptians before they 
could ally successfully with Arab nations to kill the Jews and erase the State of Israel.

In the event the Allies, Britain, France and Israel, enjoyed a military success at Suez 
but a political defeat by the US which forced them to withdraw, leaving the Canal in 
Egyptian hands. The major consequence proved to be a hardening of the hatred across 
the Middle East and more opportunities for the Soviet Union. It also backfired on the 
US. In Europe there was deep resentment that continues to this day and is evidenced 
by the European Union and its desire to built its own federal military forces against 
US interests and driving the US out of NATO. It was also a major factor when the US 
assumed that Britain would join them and Australia in fighting the Vietnam War. 
Labour PM Wilson responded with a strong no, claiming it was because Britain 
remembered the US betrayal at Suez.