The Nelson Class battleships were significant vessels and this ShipShape Series book does them full justice. This is a definitive work by a specialist in WWII naval history. – Most Highly Recommended.
NAME: ShipShapes, Battleships Nelson & Rodney FILE: R3189 AUTHOR: Witold Koszela PUBLISHER: Mushroom Model Publications, MMP BINDING: hard back PRICE: £30.00 GENRE: Non Fiction SUBJECT: Washington Treaty tonnages, Nelson Class, MHS Nelson, HMS Rodney, 16 in gun, naval artillery, 6 in gun, 40 mm AAA, 20mm, triple turrets, twin turrets, multiple 40mm, naval architecture, technology, battleships. WWII, World War II, World War 2, Second World War, hunting the Bismark, sinking the Bismark, Swordfish float plane, Walrus amphibian ISBN: 978-8365958-35-8 PAGES: 120 IMAGE: B3189.jpg BUYNOW: tinyurl.com/yaajlfwl LINKS: DESCRIPTION: The Nelson Class battleships were significant vessels and this ShipShape Series book does them full justice. This is a definitive work by a specialist in WWII naval history. – Most Highly Recommended.
The period between the two World Wars saw much political and financial turmoil. Politicians as ever wanted to spend the peace dividend and the naval arena saw a succession of naval treaties attempting arms limitation. The Royal Navy suffered from these Treaties, seeing its strength reduced by tonnage reductions. New builds were affected greatly but this did not mean that the RN was not well served by naval architects. The carrier Ark Royal (III) was an example of ingenuity and innovation producing a small but very potent aircraft carrier that became the model for future carriers. The Nelson Class battleships were similarly outstanding.
Only two ships, Nelson and Rodney, were built under the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. They were also the only battleships built by Britain between Revenge Class ordered in 1913 and the King George V Class ordered in 1936. To keep within the Washington Treaty tonnage limits, the Nelson Class was a radical design that introduced for the RN the 16 in naval gun, nine mounted on three turrets.
The forward end of the superstructure was less than 50% of the deck length from the stern. It was compact and very clean, rising as a tower at the forward section of the superstructure and often referred to as Queen Ann’s Mansions because of its resemblance to fashionable appartment blocks of the 1930s. It also broke with tradition, of fore and aft superimposed main guns. In achieving a potent vessel within tight tonnage restrictions, the nine guns were mounted in three triple turrets ahead of the superstructure. This allowed an increase from 15 in guns to to 16 in guns. The middle of the three turrets was superimposed over the other two turrets and a catapult was mounted on the after turret. The catapult was able to launch either a single Swordfish float plane torpedo bomber or a Walrus amphibian, making the spotter aircraft also capable as a weapon in its own right.
Where the main guns had increased to 16 in, the secondary armament had been increased from the traditional 4.5 in or 5 in twin turret HA guns to twin 6 in, with two turrets mounted each side of the after portion of the superstructure. Significantly the two battleships carried greatly increased anti-aircraft guns that were further increased at the start of WWII. This armament included 20 mm guns, and both single and multiple 40 mm guns, all having excellent fields of fire.
Nelson and Rodney served extensively through WWII in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and Indian oceans. Most notable was the role of Rodney in the sinking of the Bismark. This beautifully illustrated work is a must-buy for every naval enthusiast and scale ship modeller.