Three leading US military historians collaborate to produce a fresh review of the wider actions on the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbour. This is an original review of the attack with fresh insight and many rare photographs. – Most Highly Recommended.
NAME: The History Of Hickam Field And The Attacks Of 7 December 1941, “They're Killing My Boys!” FILE: R3048 AUTHOR: J Michael Wenger, Robert J Cressman, John F Di Virgilio PUBLISHER: US Naval Institute Press BINDING: hard back PRICE: US$42.00 GENRE: Non Fiction SUBJECT: WWII, World War II, World War 2, World War Two, Second World War, Pearl Harbour, Japanese air attack, Hawaii, Hickam Field, USAAF, USN, bombers, fighters, long range patrol aircraft, carrier aircraft, 1941, US Pacific Fleet
IMAGE: B3048.jpg BUYNOW: tinyurl.com/v8lxcom LINKS: DESCRIPTION: Three leading US military historians collaborate to produce a fresh review of the wider actions on the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbour. This is an original review of the attack with fresh insight and many rare photographs. – Most Highly Recommended. The Japanese attack on the US Pacific Fleet at anchor in Pearl Harbour was inspired by the British attack on the Italian Fleet in port, that was in turn based on plans drawn up by the Royal Naval Air Service in 1917 for a carrier task force attack on the German High Seas Fleet in port which was ignored by the RAF when it took over all British military aviation in 1918. Motivation was different. In 1917, the RNAS had reached its peak with several aircraft carriers available, together with shipboard aircraft, and long range land-based bombers. At the time, the German fleet was tying up resources, but refusing to leave port to do battle. The RNAS wanted to remove the potential threat it posed, with the threat of the Russian Revolution freeing up German troops committed to the Eastern Front, and Royal Navy intervention forces that were being prepared to land in Russia to support the White Russians. In WWII, the RN Mediterranean Fleet based in Alexandria faced a potentially powerful modern Italian Fleet that threatened to cut the Mediterranean and destroy the British ships based in Egypt. Sending a carrier with its Swordfish biplane torpedo bombers on a surprise assault of the Italians in their home port was a bold and risky move but it was all the resource available to the British at that time. The attack was highly successful and gave the British months of naval supremacy in the Mediterranean at a critical time, allowing reinforcement of Malta and expansion of its air and naval force to cut convoys from Italy to North Africa. It also enabled the British to run convoys from Egypt to Tobruk. In 1941, the Japanese had already been at war with China since 1938 and had been goaded by the US policy to reduce supplies of essential raw materials to Japan. At the same time, the Japanese saw France and the Netherlands removed from the war in Europe and Britain fully occupied by the Germans, presenting an opportunity to invade Indo-China, taking British, French and Dutch colonies with their rich natural resources. However, Japan could not be sure that the US would not come to the assistance of the British and would continue to pose a threat to Japanese interests. To neutralize the US threat, the Japanese needed to take out the US Pacific Fleet, expand rapidly across Indo China and India, together with the Western Pacific and Australia. In a lightening war, the Japanese hoped to end up with a strong negotiating position, forcing the US to agree to a peace treaty, as a major strategic plan. The shock of burning, sinking battleships and the humiliation of the US has naturally resulted in the focus of historians on the attacks on the US Pacific Fleet and the lucky escape of its carriers that the Japanese expected to be at anchor when their naval aviators struck. The Japanese attacked Hickam Field and civilian targets on the island. Although the destruction of the ships was a critical task for the Japanese, it was also essential that their aircraft destroy the naval yard and Hickam Field. This would delay US attempts to send new ships to Pearl Harbour and new aircraft, but it also had the second vital requirement of preventing the heavy bombers at Hickam Field being sent out against the Japanese strike force and the fighters there attacking the Japanese bombers. This new book looks in detail at the part of the Battle of Pearl Harbour that has previously been ignored or glossed over by historians since 1941.